In its quest to develop globalised future citizens and individuals who are “intellectually, spiritually, emotionally and physically balanced”, Malaysia’s Ministry of Education integrated the National Education Philosophy into its higher education policy.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the joints in the body. Some common symptoms include stiffness, swelling, and pain in the joints, particularly of the fingers, knees, ankles, wrists, elbows, hips, and shoulders.
Most cities are growing rapidly and by 2050, two-thirds of the world’s population—about 6.5 billion people—are expected to live in urban centres. This rapid growth is particularly acute in developing countries in Africa and Asia.
The management of plastic waste is a big concern. Out of the 6,300 million tonnes of plastic waste generated between 1950 and 2015, only 9% was recycled globally. The global annual generation of plastic is currently around 400 million tonnes, and 86% of this will eventually become waste.